Reverse engineering of the Nitro OBD2

This blog post presents the reverse engineering of an OBD2 dongle called "Nitro OBD2". It is advertised like this: "NitroOBD2 is a Chip Tuning Box which can be plugged into OBD2 connector of your car to increase the performance of your car." There are a lot of testimonies on the internet about this device being a fake, while other people say that is is really working. We wanted to reverse engineer it to check by ourselves.

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Vulnerabilities in High Assurance Boot of NXP i.MX microprocessors

This blog post provides details about two vulnerabilities found by Quarkslab's researchers Guillaume Delugré and Kévin Szkudłapski in the secure boot feature of the i.MX family of application processors [1] built by NXP Semiconductors.

The bugs allow an attacker to subvert the secure boot process to bypass code signature verification and load and execute arbitrary code on i.MX application processors that have the High Assurance Boot feature enabled. These bugs affect 12 i.MX processor families.

The vulnerabilities were discovered and reported to the vendor in September 2016 and the technical details included in this blogpost were disclosed in a joint Quarkslab-NXP presentation at the Qualcomm Mobile Security Summit 2017 [2] in May 19th, 2017. National computer emergency response teams (CERTs) from 4 countries were informed about the issues in March, 2017.

NXP has issued an Engineering Bulletin and two Errata documents (EB00854, ERR010872 and ERR0108873 respectively) [3] providing a brief description of both vulnerabilities, the list of affected processor models along with resolution plans and possible mitigations.

In the rest of the blogpost we describe the relevant features in i.MX processors and the vulnerabilities affecting them.

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Exploiting MS16-145: MS Edge TypedArray.sort Use-After-Free (CVE-2016-7288)

On February 9, 2017, Natalie Silvanovich from Google Project Zero unrestricted access to P0's issue #983 [1], titled "Microsoft Edge: Use-after-free in TypedArray.sort", which got assigned CVE-2016-7288 and was patched as part of Microsoft security bulletin MS16-145 [2] during December 2016. In this blog post we discuss how I managed to exploit this UAF issue to obtain remote code execution on MS Edge.

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